Cape Kaliakra and the archaeological reserve on its territory are located 12 km southeast of Kavarna. It is an oblong, narrowing rocky peninsula that extends about 2 km into the sea. The rich history, the well-preserved landscape, and the beautiful panoramic views make Cape Kaliakra one of the most attractive tourist spots on the Black Sea Coast.
The cliffs of the cape take a 60 – 70 m plunge straight into the sea. The waves have carved caves and arches at its foot that can be approached only by the sea. In the past, these tunnel-caves were connected to the fortress and were used for loading and unloading ships.
The name Kaliakra, which means “beautiful cape”, was first mentioned in the 13th – 14th centuries. In the 14th century, the Bulgarian state was divided into three, and Kaliakra became center of its eastern-most part and established itself as a big international harbor.
There are many legends related to Cape Kaliakra. The most famous one tells the story of 40 Bulgarian girls led by the beautiful Kaliakra who jumped from the rocks into the sea to escape from the Ottomans. They braided their hair together to make sure no one would back away.
A museum that preserves many archaeological finds discovered on the territory of the reserve is set up in one of the caves of Cape Kaliakra. The model that demonstrates how the ancient fortress looked like in the past is one of the most attractive exhibits in the museum.
The fortress was declared an architectural monument of culture of national importance in 1967, while Cape Kaliakra was declared a nature preserve on 27 September 1941.
During national holidays Cape Kaliakra is beautifully lit up by powerful floodlights and thus transforms into a magical place that combines the ancient history with the romantic side of the sea.